The story of „rolling stones”, „dust in the wind” and the conservation of heritage. Excavations at Călugăreni

The story of „rolling stones”, „dust in the wind” and the conservation of heritage. Excavations at Călugăreni

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We can happily announce that this years excavation campaign was a success. The research took place in the principia of the military camp and the vicus or civilian settlement, uncovering large areas, which held precious information about the people, buildings and culture that was present 1800 years ago. The team counted 30 people, made out of students and researchers from universities from Berlin, Cologne, Vienna, Cluj-Napoca and archaeologists of the Mureș County Museum.

The research of the principia viewed the south-western part of the building, uncovering several offices, the aedes and the basilica. After four weeks of excavation, the plan of a once monumental building was revealed. Except a few robbing trenches, which only have shown the lowest parts of the foundations, the walls were kept in good conditions, even a nice cocciopesto floor was excavated. The vicus team excavated in the north-western part of the settlemnt, near the Timebox pavilions. The most curious and strange, pipe-like object was unearthed, that we can announce, related to a workshop, but other information regarding this matter will be available in the future publications.

In the meantime, the team also took part in the organization and runoff of the 7R Roman Festival. The day of the festival was sprinkled with water, but even the weather did not stop visitors from enjoying the event. The workshops were saved and moved indoors, we lit up some turibula with incense to evoke the spirit of Roman times. The Barn Theatre was full with curious people, who were seeking the wonders of the Middle-East, watching gladiator fights, military demonstrations and the very popular slave auction.

The one month experience will probably be remembered with joy for everyone. After all, sometimes there was a lot of dust in the wind, although stones were not rolled, but held in their place, where they belong.

Field school at the eastern limes of Dacia

During the last month researchers and students from Romania, Germany and Hungary carried out archaeological excavations in the principia of the Roman fort from Călugăreni and in the vicus belonging to it. In the principia the research focused on the rooms situated in the south-eastern corner, while the trenches from the vicus targeted a waste pit containing a large amount of pottery and a layer which contained objects which relate to cultic activities. During the research of the headquarters building the last phase of usage and the foundations of the corner rooms were discovered. The waste pit from the civilian settlement offered important data related to local pottery production and enriched the repertoire of the 2nd century forms of pottery, unveiling vessels, like snake-pots and incense burners, which allude to cultic activities in the neighboring parts of the vicus. The students, besides having a good time, learned a lot and gained experience.

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The mood was even more enhanced by the event called 6R Day of Archaeology, which took place on the 11th of August. The visitors had the opportunity to participate at various museum pedagogical activities, presentations and to experience a real archaeological excavation. The day was crowned with the inauguration of a special Bellevue, named Compass, which was created after a project of students from the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.

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